(New page: Proto-Indo European is the reconstructed language of the Proto-Indo Europeans, previously known as the Aryans. Despite the fact that there are no fully fluent speakers of the language, if...)
 
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Languages in '''bold''' are considered the closest languages to PIE.
 
Languages in '''bold''' are considered the closest languages to PIE.
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== Grammar ==
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=== Verbs ===
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In the present tense, these are the conjugations for verbs:
  +
  +
{| rules=all style="text-align: center; border: 1px solid darkgray;" cellpadding=3
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|
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|
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! colspan="2" | '''Buck 1933'''
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! colspan="2" | '''Beekes 1995'''
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|-
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|
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|
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| '''Athematic'''
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| '''Thematic'''
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| '''Athematic'''
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| '''Thematic'''
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|-
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| rowspan=3 | '''Singular'''
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| '''1st'''
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| {{unicode|-mi}}
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| {{unicode|-ō}}
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| {{unicode|-mi}}
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| {{unicode|-oH}}
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|-
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| '''2nd'''
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| {{unicode|-si}}
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| {{unicode|-esi}}
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| {{unicode|-si}}
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| {{unicode|-eh₁i}}
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|-
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| '''3rd'''
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| {{unicode|-ti}}
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| {{unicode|-eti}}
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| {{unicode|-ti}}
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| {{unicode|-e}}
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|-
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| rowspan=3 | '''Plural'''
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| '''1st'''
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| {{unicode|-mos/mes}}
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| {{unicode|-omos/omes}}
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| {{unicode|-mes}}
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| {{unicode|-omom}}
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|-
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| '''2nd'''
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| {{unicode|-te}}
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| {{unicode|-ete}}
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| {{unicode|-th₁e}}
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| {{unicode|-eth₁e}}
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|-
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| '''3rd'''
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| {{unicode|-nti}}
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| {{unicode|-onti}}
  +
| {{unicode|-nti}}
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| {{unicode|-o}}
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|}
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  +
We acknowledge that a third conjugation may have existed, but we shall not use it to help simplify this encyclopædia.
  +
  +
We have beem unable to reconstruct verb moods and tenses in PIE in a reliable way. Therefore, we ask you to acknowledge the following rules:
  +
  +
* The imperative mood must be wrote in the same way as the infinitive.
  +
* The subjunctive, opative and indicative moods are the same.
  +
* Add ''fa(n)-'' to the front of a verb to indicate the future.
  +
* Add ''pa(n)-'' to the front of a verb to indicate the past.
  +
* No aorist tense is used.
  +
* Adding ''per'' and ''imp'' after the verb creates the perfective and imperfective moods respectivley.
  +
* Adding the word ''con'' before the verb creates the conditional.
  +
  +
We accept that PIE did not work like this, but it is the best which we can do.

Revision as of 09:46, 1 March 2009

Proto-Indo European is the reconstructed language of the Proto-Indo Europeans, previously known as the Aryans.

Despite the fact that there are no fully fluent speakers of the language, if you are familiar with the grammar of one or two of the following languages, you should be able to read and write this Wiki easily if you have a dictionary of PIE:

Languages in bold are considered the closest languages to PIE.

Grammar

Verbs

In the present tense, these are the conjugations for verbs:

Buck 1933 Beekes 1995
Athematic Thematic Athematic Thematic
Singular 1st Template:Unicode Template:Unicode Template:Unicode Template:Unicode
2nd Template:Unicode Template:Unicode Template:Unicode Template:Unicode
3rd Template:Unicode Template:Unicode Template:Unicode Template:Unicode
Plural 1st Template:Unicode Template:Unicode Template:Unicode Template:Unicode
2nd Template:Unicode Template:Unicode Template:Unicode Template:Unicode
3rd Template:Unicode Template:Unicode Template:Unicode Template:Unicode

We acknowledge that a third conjugation may have existed, but we shall not use it to help simplify this encyclopædia.

We have beem unable to reconstruct verb moods and tenses in PIE in a reliable way. Therefore, we ask you to acknowledge the following rules:

  • The imperative mood must be wrote in the same way as the infinitive.
  • The subjunctive, opative and indicative moods are the same.
  • Add fa(n)- to the front of a verb to indicate the future.
  • Add pa(n)- to the front of a verb to indicate the past.
  • No aorist tense is used.
  • Adding per and imp after the verb creates the perfective and imperfective moods respectivley.
  • Adding the word con before the verb creates the conditional.

We accept that PIE did not work like this, but it is the best which we can do.

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.